Joseph BEUYS (b. Kleve, Germany, 1921 and died Düsseldorf in 1986. As an artist working in the philosophical traditions of Johann Wolfgang von GOETHE and Rudolf STEINER, from the 1950s, BEUYS pursued a wide range of creative activities, including drawing, sculpture, "objects", and installations. His world-view was based on the flux of various energies such as heat, and his work often employed raw and unstable materials. Within the rubric of "social sculpture" he engaged in activities that forwarded social transformation in economics and the environment. In Japan, he held large-scale solo exhibition at the Seibu Museum in 1984.